Water Safety Code

Spot The Dangers

Open water like a lake may look safe, but it can be very dangerous. Learn to spot and avoid dangers. These are:

  • it is very cold
  • there may be hidden currents
  • it can be difficult to get out (steep slimy banks)
  • it can be deep
  • there may be hidden rubbish, such as broken glass
  • there are no lifeguards
  • it is difficult to estimate depth
  • it may be polluted and may make you ill



Take Safety Advice

There are special flags and notices at beaches and lakes that may warn you of danger. Know what the signs mean and do what they tell you.



General advice

Here is some general advice to follow to ensure you remain safe in and near water

  • Do a check of the area when you arrive and look for dangers.
  • Don’t swim alone
  • Check to see if lifeguards are available
  • Check if the water is affected by currents or tides
  • Think! Are there rocks, piers, or break-waters that may affect paddling and bathing?
  • Think! Are there any water sports taking place, such as water-skiing? If so, are these in zoned areas?
  • Think! Consider what are the general conditions like in and out of the water?


Finally, learn how to help if someone gets in trouble. In an emergency:

  • Shout for ‘help’ and tell a lifeguard if there is one.
  • Go to the nearest phone and dial 999 or 112.
  • Work for your ASA Personal Survival certificateto learn more.


Do not enter the water to rescue anyone